Perro de Presa Canario: The Ultimate Dog Guide


The world of dogs is incredibly diverse, filled with breeds from the four corners of the globe. One breed that stands out is the noble and powerful Perro de Presa Canario. This guide serves to enlighten readers on every aspect of this wonderful breed, from its origin to how to best care for it.

Category Information
Origin Canary Islands
Tamaño Grande
Peso 40-60kg
Vida útil 9-11 years
Temperamento Calm, attentive, protective
Dietary Requirements High-quality dog food for large breeds
Exercise Needs Moderate, regular exercise
Aseo Minimal, regular brushing
Formación Consistent, positive reinforcement, early socialization
Common Health Issues Hip dysplasia, heart conditions, bloating

Origin and History of Perro de Presa Canario

The ancestral origins of the breed

The Perro de Presa Canario hails from the Canary Islands, an archipelago located off the northwest coast of Africa. This breed has roots dating back several centuries, possibly originating from dogs brought by the Spanish conquistadors.

The breed’s evolution in the Canary Islands

Over time, these dogs were crossbred with local dogs, and the result was the Perro de Presa Canario. The breed was traditionally used for guarding farms, herding cattle, and even for dog fighting, a practice now thankfully banned.

Modern history and recognition by Kennel clubs

Today, the breed is recognized and appreciated globally for its strength, bravery, and loyal nature. It was officially recognized by many kennel clubs during the late 20th century.

Physical Characteristics of Perro de Presa Canario

Description of physical features

Perro de Presa Canario boasts a muscular and robust build, a broad head, and a short coat. Their ears are naturally floppy but are often cropped in regions where it’s still legal.

Variations in color, size, and weight

They come in a variety of colors, including brindle and various shades of fawn. Males typically weigh between 45-60kg, while females are slightly lighter, usually weighing between 40-50kg.

Typical lifespan and health issues

The average lifespan for a Perro de Presa Canario is 9-11 years. They’re generally healthy, but can be prone to certain conditions like hip dysplasia and certain heart conditions.

Personality and Temperament of Perro de Presa Canario

Typical behaviors and temperament

Perro de Presa Canarios are known for their calm, attentive, and brave temperament. They are extremely loyal to their family but can be wary of strangers.

Interaction with humans and other animals

They are generally good with people they know, but early socialization is essential to ensure they are comfortable around strangers and other animals.

Unique breed traits

They are not overly active dogs, but they are very protective and will not hesitate to defend their family if they feel there is a threat.

Care and Maintenance of Perro de Presa Canario

Dietary requirements

A balanced diet is crucial for this breed. Due to their large size, they require high-quality dog food designed for large breeds.

Exercise needs

Despite not being overly active, regular exercise is important to keep them in shape and prevent obesity.

Grooming and hygiene

The breed’s short coat requires minimal grooming, but regular brushing will help to keep it in the best condition.

Training a Perro de Presa Canario

Training challenges and best practices

This breed is intelligent but also independent, so training might be challenging. Consistent, positive reinforcement methods work best.

Socialization requirements

Early socialization is crucial to ensure a well-rounded dog. Exposure to different people, animals, and environments will help to shape a well-behaved Perro de Presa Canario.

Importance of early training and consistent reinforcement

Early training is important, especially with a large and powerful breed like this. Consistency is key – they respond best to routine and clear, firm commands.

Health and Wellness of Perro de Presa Canario

Common health issues in the breed

Perro de Presa Canarios are generally healthy, but they can be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, heart conditions, and bloating.

Recommended veterinary care and vaccinations

Regular vet check-ups and keeping up-to-date with vaccinations is essential for this breed. Your vet can help to detect any potential health issues early.

Mental health and enrichment activities

Like any dog, Perro de Presa Canarios need mental stimulation. Puzzle toys, obedience training, and interactive games will help to keep their minds sharp.

Living with a Perro de Presa Canario

Suitable home environment

They are best suited to a home with a yard where they can move around. However, they can adapt to apartment living, provided they get enough exercise.

Interactions with children and other pets

If raised with them from a young age, Perro de Presa Canarios can live harmoniously with children and other pets. However, supervision is recommended, given their size and strength.

Managing the breed’s energy and instincts

The breed has a moderate energy level and will require regular physical and mental exercise to keep them balanced and happy.

Legal Considerations of Owning a Perro de Presa Canario

Understanding breed-specific legislation

It’s important to note that breed-specific legislation may affect ownership of a Perro de Presa Canario in certain areas. Always check local laws and regulations.

Responsibilities of owning a powerful breed

Owning a Perro de Presa Canario comes with great responsibility. Adequate training, socialization, and care are vital to ensure a well-behaved and happy dog.

Finding reputable breeders and adoption options

Always source a Perro de Presa Canario from a reputable breeder or consider adopting from a rescue organization. This helps to discourage irresponsible breeding practices.

Role of Perro de Presa Canario in Society

The working role of the breed

Originally bred for work, Perro de Presa Canario still holds a working role in many societies today. They are commonly employed in roles that take advantage of their natural guarding instincts, such as security or police work. In rural settings, they can still be found working in their traditional roles, herding livestock and protecting property.

Competitive events and recognition

Perro de Presa Canarios are also frequently seen in canine sports. Their intelligence, strength, and agility make them excellent competitors in obedience, agility, and even weight-pulling competitions. These activities provide a great outlet for their energy and offer a great way to further strengthen the bond between the dog and its owner.

Breed Conservation and Preservation Efforts

Importance of breed conservation

Like many rare breeds, the Perro de Presa Canario has faced threats to its existence. Breed conservation efforts are therefore important to ensure these unique dogs continue to thrive. These efforts involve careful breeding strategies to maintain genetic diversity while preserving the breed’s distinctive characteristics.

Breed clubs and organizations

Breed clubs and organizations play a vital role in the preservation and promotion of the Perro de Presa Canario breed. These groups not only help educate the public about the breed, but they also organize events, support responsible breeding, and sometimes even assist in rescue and rehoming efforts.


The Perro de Presa Canario is truly a remarkable breed, with its unique history, striking appearance, and loyal nature. Owning one can be a challenge, but with the right care, training, and understanding, it can also be incredibly rewarding. This guide serves to provide potential and current owners with the necessary insights to provide the best care for this breed.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

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