Keeshond: The Ultimate Dog Guide



In the world of dog breeds, the Keeshond holds a special place. With their rich Dutch origins and striking appearance, these dogs have been enchanting dog lovers for centuries. This unique breed has a fascinating history, and their distinctive traits make them a delight to own. With their thick, plush coat, pointed ears, and expressive eyes, the Keeshond is an instantly recognizable breed. Beyond their physical appearance, Keeshonds are known for their playful nature and intelligence, making them a well-loved breed around the world.

Category Information
Origin Netherlands
Tamaño Medio
Peso 35-45 pounds
Altura 17-18 inches
Abrigo Thick and plush, cream to black
Duración de la vida 12-15 years
Temperamento Friendly, outgoing, gentle
Trainability Alto
Exercise Needs Moderate
Aseo Regular brushing, more frequent during shedding seasons
Dieta High-quality commercial dog food, treats in moderation

Origin and History of the Keeshond

Dutch Origins

The Keeshond hails from the Netherlands, specifically the region around the Rhine River. They are part of the spitz family, which includes other breeds like the Pomeranian and Samoyed. These dogs were primarily used as watchdogs and companions on barges.

The Role of Keeshonds in the Dutch Rebellion

The Keeshond has a notable place in Dutch history. During the Dutch Rebellion in the 18th century, the breed became a symbol for the Patriot faction, led by Kees de Gyselaer, who had a Keeshond named Kees.

Recognition by Kennel Clubs

The breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1930. Since then, their popularity has only grown, with many dog owners appreciating their friendly demeanor and striking appearance.

Keeshond Physical Characteristics

Description of Appearance

Keeshonds are medium-sized dogs with robust and symmetrical build. They possess a lush, double-layered coat and a characteristic “mane” around their neck, giving them a lion-like appearance.

Size and Weight

Keeshonds typically stand between 17 and 18 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh between 35 and 45 pounds, with males generally larger than females.

Coat and Colors

Their coat is thick and plush, with colors ranging from cream to black. A hallmark of the breed is the characteristic facial markings, known as “spectacles” – a combination of markings and shadings in the eye area that give an alert and intelligent expression.

Keeshond Personality and Temperament

General Personality Traits

Keeshonds are known for their friendly, outgoing, and gentle temperament. They are quick learners, which makes them excellent candidates for obedience training.

Social Behavior with Humans and Other Animals

Keeshonds are exceptionally sociable dogs, both with humans and other animals. They thrive in environments where they are included as part of the family and given plenty of attention.

Keeshonds as Family Pets

Given their sociable nature and moderate energy levels, Keeshonds make excellent family pets. They get along well with children and are known for their affectionate nature.

Training and Exercise Needs of a Keeshond


Due to their intelligence and eager-to-please nature, Keeshonds are generally easy to train. They respond well to positive reinforcement methods.

Exercise Requirements

Keeshonds need moderate amounts of exercise to stay healthy and happy. A few walks a day, combined with some playtime, usually suffices.

Mental Stimulation Needs

Being intelligent dogs, Keeshonds also need mental stimulation. Puzzle toys, obedience training, and interactive games can help keep their minds sharp.

Keeshond Health and Lifespan

Common Health Issues and Genetic Disorders

While generally healthy, Keeshonds can be prone to certain health conditions like hip dysplasia, heart disease, and skin conditions. Regular check-ups with a vet can help detect and manage these issues.

Average Lifespan

The average lifespan of a Keeshond is around 12 to 15 years, which is relatively long for a dog of their size.

Preventative Care Measures

Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and routine vet check-ups are crucial to keeping a Keeshond healthy. Regular grooming is also necessary due to their thick coats.

Grooming a Keeshond

Regular Grooming Needs

A Keeshond’s thick double coat requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and looking its best. This includes weekly brushing to remove loose hairs and prevent matting.

Seasonal Grooming Concerns

During the shedding season, usually in the spring and fall, Keeshonds may need more frequent brushing to manage the excess hair.

Tips for Maintaining a Healthy Coat

Along with regular brushing, bathing a Keeshond every few months can help maintain a clean and healthy coat. It’s also important to check and clean their ears regularly and keep their nails trimmed.

Diet and Nutrition for a Keeshond

Recommended Daily Diet

A balanced diet is essential for Keeshond’s health. This should consist of high-quality commercial dog food, suitable for their age, size, and activity level.

Treats and Snacks

Treats can be given in moderation and should not make up more than 10% of Keeshond’s daily caloric intake. They can be useful in training, but overfeeding can lead to obesity.

Diet Restrictions and Common Allergies

Some Keeshonds may have dietary restrictions due to health issues or allergies. Always consult with a vet for personalized advice on your Keeshond’s diet.

Adoption and Buying Considerations for a Keeshond

Choosing a Reputable Breeder

If buying a Keeshond puppy, it’s important to choose a reputable breeder who tests for genetic disorders and raises puppies in a healthy environment.

Costs of Owning a Keeshond

Owning a Keeshond involves costs beyond the initial purchase or adoption fee. Owners should budget for food, grooming, routine veterinary care, and potential health issues.

Adoption vs Buying from a Breeder

Adopting a Keeshond from a rescue organization is another option. This can be a rewarding way to provide a home for a dog in need.

Keeshond Puppies and Socialization

Socializing a Keeshond Puppy

Keeshonds are known to be friendly and sociable dogs, but like all breeds, socialization from a young age is key. Exposure to different environments, people, and other animals help to ensure that they grow into well-adjusted adults. Puppy training classes can be beneficial, not just for basic obedience but also for the socialization opportunities they provide.

Keeshonds in Competitive Events

Keeshonds in Dog Shows and Competitions

Keeshonds have a history of doing well in dog shows and other competitive events. Their intelligence and trainability make them good candidates for obedience and agility competitions. Meanwhile, their distinctive appearance can stand out in conformation shows.

Keeshonds as Therapy and Service Dogs

Therapy and Service Roles

Given their sociable and gentle nature, some Keeshonds have been successful as therapy or emotional support dogs. Their friendly demeanor can make them well-suited for visiting hospitals, nursing homes, or schools to provide comfort. However, it’s crucial to note that individual temperament, as well as proper training, play significant roles in a dog’s suitability for therapy or service work.

Traveling with a Keeshond

Considerations for Travel

If you plan to travel with your Keeshond, there are several things to consider. Their thick coat might not be suitable for hot climates, so you’d need to ensure they have a cool, shaded area. Additionally, remember to keep their vaccination records and any necessary health certifications on hand. Always make sure that any accommodations are pet-friendly and that your Keeshond is comfortable during the journey.


The Keeshond is a breed that truly stands out. From their unique appearance to their friendly and intelligent nature, these dogs are more than just beautiful – they make loyal, loving companions. In conclusion, whether as a family pet, a companion for individuals or couples, or even as a show dog, the Keeshond is a versatile and loving breed that brings a lot of joy to its owners.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

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