Greenland Dog: The Ultimate Dog Guide


The Greenland Dog, known as Grønlandshunden in its native land, hails from beautiful and chilly Greenland. This breed has a rich history as an arctic sled dog, playing a vital role in the Inuit way of life. The breed has been a companion to the Inuit for over a thousand years, helping in hunting and transportation across the vast, icy landscape. This breed is not just a working dog, but also a reliable and friendly companion. They’re robust, resilient, and have a keen sense of direction, making them perfect for their traditional role as sled dogs. As companions, Greenland Dogs are known for their loyalty and friendly disposition.

Characteristic Description
Breed Origin Greenland
Breed Group Working
Tamaño Grande
Peso 30-35kg (Males), slightly less for Females
Altura 60-68cm (Males), slightly less for Females
Coat Type Thick, double-layered
Coat Color Various, including white, black, red, and gray
Duración de la vida 10-14 años
Temperamento Hardworking, Intelligent, Good-natured, Friendly, Independent
Exercise Needs Alto
Aseo Moderate

Physical Characteristics of the Greenland Dog

Description of the Breed’s Size and Weight

Greenland Dogs are a large breed, with males standing at around 60 to 68 centimeters tall, and females slightly smaller. They are muscular and sturdy, with males weighing between 30 to 35 kilograms, and females weighing a bit less.

Details About the Breed’s Coat and Color

Greenland Dogs sport a thick, double-layered coat that keeps them warm in freezing temperatures. This breed can come in a variety of colors, including white, black, red, and gray, with various combinations and patterns.

Other Defining Physical Features

Their eyes are usually dark and almond-shaped, with an alert and lively expression. Their ears are erect, while their tail is bushy and often curled over their back.

Greenland Dog Temperament and Personality Traits

General Behavior and Temperament of the Breed

Greenland Dogs are hardworking, intelligent, and have a strong instinct to pull. At the same time, they are good-natured and friendly, making them great pets for families that understand their needs.

Interaction with Humans and Other Animals

They bond well with their human families and are usually friendly toward people. However, they can be dominant with other dogs, particularly of the same gender, so socialization is important.

Unique Personality Traits Specific to the Breed

Despite their strong work ethic, Greenland Dogs can be quite independent, and they may not always be eager to please. They require a consistent, patient, and understanding handler.

Greenland Dog Health and Longevity

Common Health Issues and Genetic Disorders

As a breed, the Greenland Dog is quite healthy, with few known breed-specific health issues. However, like any large breed, they can be prone to hip dysplasia.

Average Lifespan of the Breed

Greenland Dogs typically live between 10 to 14 years, with some even reaching up to 15 years with good care.

Tips for Maintaining the Breed’s Health and Wellness

Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and plenty of exercises can help ensure the health and wellness of a Greenland Dog.

Grooming and Maintenance of Greenland Dog

Regular Grooming Needs

Their dense double coat requires regular brushing to remove loose hairs and prevent matting. They shed heavily twice a year, during which daily brushing may be needed.

Exercise Requirements

Greenland Dogs are active and energetic, requiring daily exercise to keep them healthy and prevent boredom. This can include long walks, play sessions, and even sledding or carting activities.

Training and Socialization Needs

Training should start early for Greenland Dogs. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques. Early socialization is also important to ensure they get along well with other dogs and people.

Living Conditions for Greenland Dogs

Ideal Living Environments for the Breed

A home with a spacious yard is ideal for this breed. They are not suited to apartment living due to their size and energy levels.

Compatibility with Families, Singles, Seniors, and Children

Greenland Dogs can do well with families, singles, and active seniors. They are generally good with children but due to their size, should always be supervised.

Considerations for Homes with Other Pets

With early socialization, they can coexist with other pets. However, their dominant nature might pose a challenge to other dogs, especially those of the same sex.

Training the Greenland Dog

General Training Approach and Strategies

Positive reinforcement works best for this breed. They may be independent at times, so patience and consistency are key.

Common Challenges and Solutions in Training

Greenland Dogs can be stubborn, making training a challenge. Overcoming this requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement.

Tips for Training Success

Keep training sessions engaging and fun. Use treats and praises as rewards, and avoid harsh training methods.

Greenland Dog Feeding and Diet

Overview of Dietary Needs and Considerations

They require high-quality dog food suited to their age, size, and activity level. As a working breed, they may have higher protein requirements.

Recommended Feeding Schedules and Portion Sizes

Typically, adult Greenland Dogs should be fed twice a day. The portion size should be determined by their size, age, and activity level.

Special Diet Considerations and Warning Signs of Dietary Issues

Obesity can be a concern for this breed if overfed and under-exercised. Signs of dietary issues can include changes in appetite, weight, coat condition, and energy levels.

Greenland Dog and Outdoor Activities

The Breed’s Ability in Outdoor Activities and Sports

Greenland Dogs are excellent in outdoor activities and dog sports such as sledding, carting, and agility.

How to Involve the Breed in Outdoor Activities for Exercise and Enrichment

You can engage your Greenland Dog in hiking, fetch games, or even train them in sled pulling for exercise and mental stimulation.

Safety Considerations When Engaging in Outdoor Activities

Always ensure your Greenland Dog is safe during outdoor activities. In hot weather, avoid strenuous exercise as they can overheat due to their thick coats.

How to Choose a Greenland Dog Puppy

Advice on Selecting a Reputable Breeder

Choose a breeder who prioritizes the health and temperament of their puppies’ overlooks or size. The breeder should provide clear health records for the puppy’s parents.

Questions to Ask and Signs of a Healthy Puppy

Ask about the puppy’s parents, their health, and behavior. A healthy puppy should be active, have clear eyes and a clean coat, and be free of any signs of illness.

Initial Care and Considerations After Bringing a Puppy Home

When bringing a Greenland Dog puppy home, ensure you have all the essentials like a crate, toys, food, and water dishes. Plan a visit to the vet and start training and socialization as soon as possible.


Greenland Dogs are a robust and resilient breed with a friendly disposition. They require regular exercise and grooming and can be a joy to families that understand their needs. As a loyal, hardworking, and friendly breed, the Greenland Dog can make a wonderful pet for the right family. Whether you’re looking for a working dog or a family companion, this breed could be a great choice, provided you’re willing to meet its needs for exercise and mental stimulation.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

Read More About Me >