Finnish Spitz: The Ultimate Dog Guide

Finnish Spitz


In the dog kingdom, every breed has its unique charm, and the Finnish Spitz is no exception. Originally hailing from the cold, northern parts of Finland, the Finnish Spitz impresses with its vibrant coat, intelligent eyes, and lively personality. The breed has a rich history as Finland’s national dog, and its distinctive bark is as integral to Finnish forests as the tall pines. In this guide, we explore the ins and outs of the Finnish Spitz, offering insights into their appearance, temperament, health, and more. Whether you’re a prospective owner or simply a dog lover, join us on this journey to understand what makes the Finnish Spitz such a special breed.

Characteristic Description
Tipo de raza Raza pura
Tamaño Medio
Weight Range 20-33 pounds
Height Range 15.5-20 inches
Vida útil 12-15 years
Coat Type Long and straight, double coat
Coat Color Golden-red to deep auburn
Temperamento Friendly, lively, intelligent
Exercise Needs Alto
Aseo Moderate
Good with Children
Good with Other Pets Yes, if socialized early
Health Issues Hip dysplasia, patellar luxation

Finnish Spitz Appearance and Physical Characteristics

Size and Weight

The Finnish Spitz is a medium-sized dog with males standing between 17 to 20 inches at the shoulder and females being slightly smaller. Males typically weigh between 25 to 33 pounds, and females fall within the 20 to 28-pound range.

Color and Coat

The coat of a Finnish Spitz is long and straight, a double coat that provides protection from harsh weather. The color can range from golden-red to a deep auburn.

Distinctive Features

The Finnish Spitz possesses several distinctive features, such as a square build, pointed ears, a curled tail, and an alert expression that captures its lively and inquisitive nature.

Finnish Spitz Temperament and Personality Traits

General Temperament

The Finnish Spitz is known for its friendly and intelligent temperament. They are lively and playful, making them great companions.

Interaction with Humans

Finnish Spitz dogs are known to be loyal and devoted to their families. They may be reserved with strangers but warm up quickly once they realize there is no threat.

Interaction with Other Animals

The Finnish Spitz generally gets along well with other animals, especially if they’ve been socialized from a young age.

Finnish Spitz Training and Behavior

Training Needs and Tips

The Finnish Spitz is an intelligent breed, making them relatively easy to train. However, they do best with positive reinforcement techniques.

Behavioral Traits and Common Issues

Finnish Spitz dogs are known for their vocalization, a trait bred into them for their hunting background. However, this can lead to excessive barking if not properly managed.

Suitable Environments

The Finnish Spitz can adapt to a variety of living situations, but they require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation.

Finnish Spitz Health and Lifespan

Average Lifespan

The Finnish Spitz typically lives between 12 to 15 years, which is relatively long for a dog of its size.

Common Health Issues and Genetic Disorders

The Finnish Spitz is generally a healthy breed, but they can be prone to certain genetic disorders such as hip dysplasia and patellar luxation.

Care and Prevention of Health Issues

Regular check-ups and keeping the Finnish Spitz at a healthy weight can help to prevent these health issues.

Finnish Spitz Grooming Needs

Coat Maintenance

The Finnish Spitz’s double coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and shedding.

Bathing and Cleaning

They don’t need frequent baths, usually just when they’re particularly dirty. Regular cleaning of ears and teeth is important for their overall health.

Nail, Ear, and Teeth Care

Regular nail trims are necessary to keep the Finnish Spitz comfortable and healthy.

Finnish Spitz Exercise and Dietary Requirements

Exercise Needs and Tips

The Finnish Spitz is an active breed and needs daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. This can include walks, playtime, and mentally stimulating games.

Diet and Nutritional Needs

A balanced diet that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level is key for the Finnish Spitz’s health.

The Finnish Spitz and Families

Compatibility with Children

The Finnish Spitz is generally good with children, known for their patience and gentle nature.

Compatibility with Elderly

They can also be good companions for the elderly, as long as their exercise and mental stimulation needs are met.

How They Handle Being Alone

Finnish Spitz dogs can handle being alone for short periods, but they thrive on companionship and can become distressed if left alone for too long.

Buying or Adopting a Finnish Spitz

Choosing a Reputable Breeder

If you decide to buy a Finnish Spitz, ensure you choose a reputable breeder who tests their breeding dogs for common health issues.

Adoption Options

There are also rescue organizations where you can adopt a Finnish Spitz.

Initial Costs and Ongoing Expenses

The initial cost of a Finnish Spitz can vary. Ongoing expenses include food, grooming, and veterinary care.

Interesting Facts and Trivia About the Finnish Spitz

Did you know the Finnish Spitz is also known as the “Finnish Barking Bird Dog” because of their unique vocalization and hunting style?

The Finnish Spitz in Finnish Culture

The Finnish Spitz holds a special place in the heart of Finnish culture. Not only is it the national dog of Finland, but it also features prominently in many Finnish folk tales and legends. This breed’s distinctive bark is often said to be a part of the ambient sound of Finnish forests, echoing through the trees. In addition, the Finnish Spitz is an often-seen participant in Finland’s dog shows and is widely recognized as a symbol of the country’s love for nature and animals.

Adaptability to Different Climates

The Finnish Spitz, being native to the cold climates of Northern Finland, is well adapted to colder weather, thanks to its thick double coat. But how does it fare in warmer climates? Quite well, in fact. Finnish Spitz dogs are adaptable and can comfortably live in areas with moderate heat. However, during particularly hot weather, they should be kept in a cool, shady place with plenty of fresh water, as they can be prone to overheating.

The Finnish Spitz as a Hunting Dog

The Finnish Spitz has a long history as a hunting breed, particularly for bird hunting. This breed is known for its unique hunting style, where it uses its distinctive bark to signal the location of the game to hunters. While many Finnish Spitz dogs today are primarily companions rather than working dogs, their keen senses and quick reflexes still reflect their hunting lineage. They excel in activities that make use of these natural instincts, such as obedience, tracking, and agility trials.


Exploring the world of the Finnish Spitz has been a journey through the characteristics and quirks that make this breed so uniquely captivating. From their vibrant coats to their lively personality, each aspect of the Finnish Spitz contributes to the breed’s allure. As potential owners, understanding their needs and traits is key to providing a nurturing home that allows them to thrive. For those who’ve embarked on this journey with us, we hope this guide has deepened your appreciation for the Finnish Spitz. This remarkable breed, with its loyal disposition and spirited charm, continues to win hearts, proving that Finland’s national dog is a treasure worth discovering.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

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