Dogue de Bordeaux: The Ultimate Dog Guide

Dogue de Bordeaux


The Dogue de Bordeaux is a breed shrouded in rich history and distinctive physical attributes. Known for their muscular build, expressive faces, and loyal nature, these dogs have captured the hearts of many around the world. As we delve into the details of this breed, we will explore its origin, characteristics, care, training, and health, painting a holistic picture of this loving canine companion.

Attribute Description
Breed Name Dogue de Bordeaux
Other Names French Mastiff, Bordeaux Mastiff
Origin France
Tamaño Grande
Weight Range 99 – 150 lbs
Height at Shoulder Males: 23.5 – 27 inches, Females: 23 – 26 inches
Duración de la vida 5 – 8 years
Coat Type Short and fine
Coat Colors Shades of fawn with possible red mask
Temperamento Calm, protective, loyal, and affectionate with family
Common Health Issues Hip dysplasia, heart conditions, certain types of cancer, skin conditions, bloating, and obesity

Understanding the Dogue de Bordeaux

Key Characteristics

The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the French Mastiff, is known for its powerful physique and imposing appearance. Despite their robust exterior, these dogs have soft hearts, often displaying a calm demeanor and deep affection for their families.

Typical Behavior and Temperament

This breed is marked by its calm and composed nature. They are patient with their families and can be especially gentle with children. However, they also have a protective streak and are highly alert, making them excellent guard dogs.

Lifespan and Health Considerations

On average, a healthy Dogue de Bordeaux can live anywhere from 5 to 8 years. As with many larger breeds, this dog comes with some potential health concerns, which we will cover in detail later in this article.

Physical Attributes

Size and Weight

This breed is unmistakably large, with males standing between 23.5 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder and females standing between 23 to 26 inches. Their weight can range anywhere between 99 to 150 pounds, adding to their majestic stature.

Coat and Color Patterns

Dogue de Bordeaux has a short, fine coat that comes in shades of fawn. They are often recognized by their richly colored, dark red mask that highlights their expressive eyes and wrinkled face.

Distinctive Features

One of the most distinctive features of this breed is its massive head, which is said to be one of the largest in the canine world. Along with this, they have a serious expression, highlighted by deep-set eyes and pronounced wrinkles.

Breed Standards

The Dogue de Bordeaux as Recognized by Major Kennel Clubs

Major kennel clubs, including the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognize the Dogue de Bordeaux. They appreciate its muscular build, distinctive head, and loyal temperament.

Explanation of Breed Standards

These clubs maintain specific breed standards for the Dogue de Bordeaux. These standards include guidelines for physical traits such as size, head shape, eye color, coat color, and temperament.

Differences Between Male and Female Dogue de Bordeaux

While both males and females share the breed’s characteristic muscular build and large head, males are generally larger and have more pronounced musculature. Females, while still robust and powerful, have a slightly softer appearance.

Taking Care of a Dogue de Bordeaux

Nutritional Needs

A well-balanced diet is essential for maintaining the health and vitality of a Dogue de Bordeaux. These dogs need high-quality dog food rich in protein, carbohydrates, and essential nutrients.

Exercise Requirements

Although they aren’t as active as some breeds, regular exercise is still critical for the Dogue de Bordeaux. Daily walks, along with some playtime, are usually sufficient.

Health Care and Regular Check-ups

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for the Dogue de Bordeaux. They are prone to certain health issues that can be managed or even prevented with early detection and


Grooming and Hygiene

Their short coats make them relatively easy to groom. Regular brushing can help keep their coats healthy, and occasional baths will keep them clean and fresh.

Training a Dogue de Bordeaux

Basic Obedience Training

Due to their protective instincts and strong will, obedience training is critical for the Dogue de Bordeaux. Early and consistent training can help them grow into well-behaved and manageable adults.

Socialization Tips

Socialization is another essential aspect of their upbringing. Introducing them to different people, environments, and situations can help them become well-rounded dogs.

Addressing Potential Behavioral Issues

Early detection and consistent training can address and correct potential behavioral issues. If not properly trained and socialized, they can become overprotective or aggressive.

Living with a Dogue de Bordeaux

Suitability for Families, Singles, and Seniors

Their calm demeanor and loyal nature make the Dogue de Bordeaux suitable for different types of households, including families with children, singles, and seniors.

Compatibility with Other Pets

With early socialization, they can get along well with other pets. However, their large size and protective instinct can sometimes lead to dominance issues, particularly with other dogs of the same sex.

Breeding and Puppies

The Breeding Process and Ethical Considerations

Breeding the Dogue de Bordeaux requires careful planning and ethical considerations. Ensuring the dogs’ health, conducting necessary health screenings, and preparing for puppy care are vital steps in the process.

What to Expect from Dogue de Bordeaux Puppies

These puppies grow rapidly and require a nutritious diet to support their development. Early training and socialization are key during this stage.

Common Health Issues

Genetic Predispositions

The Dogue de Bordeaux is predisposed to certain health conditions, including hip dysplasia, heart conditions, and certain types of cancer.

Common Diseases and Conditions

Other common health issues include skin conditions, bloating, and obesity. Regular veterinary check-ups can help detect these conditions early and provide necessary treatment.

Famous Dogue de Bordeauxs

Examples from Movies, TV, or Famous Owners

Perhaps the most famous Dogue de Bordeaux is Hooch from the movie “Turner & Hooch.” The breed’s popularity has also been boosted by various celebrity owners, such as Matthew McConaughey.

Rescue and Adoption

The Importance of Considering Adoption

If you’re thinking of bringing a Dogue de Bordeaux into your home, it’s worth considering adoption. There are many wonderful dogs of this breed in rescues and shelters that are in need of a loving home. Adopting an adult dog can be a rewarding experience as you offer a second chance to a dog in need.

Finding a Rescue or Shelter

Various breed-specific rescue organizations operate across the country and they are dedicated to taking care of homeless Dogue de Bordeaux dogs and finding them new families. General animal shelters also often have this breed. Do your research and reach out to these organizations if you’re considering adoption.

The Dogue de Bordeaux in Competitive Events

Participation in Dog Shows

The imposing appearance and distinctive features of the Dogue de Bordeaux make them a favorite in dog shows. They can compete in confirmation events, where their adherence to breed standards is evaluated.

Aptitude for Obedience and Agility Trials

While not as common, some Dogue de Bordeaux dogs also participate in obedience and agility trials. Their intelligence and trainability, coupled with the proper training, can make them capable competitors in these events. However, due to their large size and potential health issues, care should be taken not to overexert them.


As we conclude this guide, we hope that it has provided a comprehensive look at the Dogue de Bordeaux breed. From its distinctive appearance to its loyal and protective nature, this breed offers much to prospective owners. While they come with certain care and health considerations, the love and companionship they provide make the effort all worthwhile.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

Read More About Me >