Brittany: The Ultimate Dog Guide


Brittany dogs are medium-sized breeds known for their energy, intelligence, and excellent hunting abilities. They are characterized by their distinct feathered tails, long legs, and expressive eyes. Brittanys originated from a region in France known as Brittany, where they were initially bred as hunting dogs, particularly for bird hunting.

Category Information
Origin Brittany, France
Tamaño Medio
Peso De 30 a 40 libras
Altura 17 to 20 inches
Coat and Colors Dense coat in either orange and white or liver and white
Duración de la vida 12 a 14 años
Personality Traits Lively, friendly, intelligent, trainable
Common Health Issues Hip dysplasia, epilepsy, heart conditions
Exercise Needs High (requires plenty of daily exercises)
Grooming Needs Moderate (requires regular brushing and check-ups)

History of the Brittany Dog Breed

Development of the Breed

The development of the Brittany breed dates back to around the 17th century. They were initially used by hunters in Brittany for their exceptional bird pointing and retrieving skills.

Recognition by Kennel Clubs

The breed gained recognition from major kennel clubs in the 20th century. The American Kennel Club officially recognized the breed in 1934.

Physical Characteristics of the Brittany Dog

General Appearance

Brittanys have a compact, athletic build. They possess a keen, alert expression and carry themselves elegantly.

Size and Weight

Typically, Brittany dogs range from 30 to 40 pounds in weight and 17 to 20 inches in height, with males being slightly larger than females.

Coat and Colors

The Brittany coat is dense to protect against thorns and harsh weather. Common coat colors include orange and white or liver and white in either clear or rosette patterns.

Personality and Temperament of the Brittany Dog

General Personality Traits

Brittanys are known for their lively and friendly disposition. They are intelligent dogs with a keen desire to please their owners, which makes them highly trainable.

Interaction with Humans and Other Animals

Brittanys are typically good with children and can get along well with other dogs, especially when socialized early.

Health and Lifespan of the Brittany Dog

General Health Considerations

Like all breeds, Brittanys have some breed-specific health concerns. Regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can contribute to their overall well-being.

Common Health Issues in the Breed

Common health issues in Brittany dogs can include hip dysplasia, epilepsy, and certain heart conditions.

Typical Lifespan

Brittany dogs typically live between 12 to 14 years, though some can live longer with excellent care.

Caring for a Brittany Dog

Dietary Needs

Brittanys require a balanced diet that meets their energy needs. High-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared, is essential.

Exercise Requirements

Being an active and energetic breed, Brittanys require plenty of daily exercise. Activities can include walks, runs, games, and hunting training.

Grooming Needs

Brittanys have a coat that requires regular brushing to keep it healthy and free of mats. Regular check-ups of ears, teeth, and nails are also necessary.

Training a Brittany Dog

Training Considerations Specific to the Breed

Brittanys are eager learners, and they respond well to positive reinforcement methods. Early socialization and obedience training are crucial.

Tips for Effective Training

Consistency, patience, and rewarding good behavior are key to effectively training a Brittany.

Living with a Brittany Dog

Brittany Dogs in a Family Setting

Brittanys make excellent family pets. They are generally good with children and enjoy being part of family activities.

Brittany Dogs and Other Pets

With proper socialization, Brittanys can get along well with other dogs and even cats.

Ideal Living Conditions for a Brittany Dog

Brittanys are best suited to living conditions where they have access to a large, securely fenced yard where they can burn off energy. They also adapt well to active, outdoorsy families.

Breeding Brittany Dogs

Key Considerations in Breeding

Breeding Brittanys, like any breed, requires a commitment to improving the breed’s health and maintaining its breed standard.

Ethical Breeding Practices

Ethical breeders prioritize the health and temperament of their dogs over profit and adhere to the breed’s standards.

Adopting a Brittany Dog

Where to Find a Brittany Dog for Adoption

Brittany dogs can be found through breed-specific rescue groups, animal shelters, and responsible breeders.

What to Expect When Adopting a Brittany Dog

Adopting a Brittany requires a commitment to provide love, care, and patience as the dog adjusts to its new home.

Activities and Sports Suitable for Brittany Dogs

Engaging Brittany’s Natural Talents

Brittanys, with their natural athleticism and intelligence, excel in various dog sports and activities. They are particularly adept at field trials, obedience, agility, and even flyball competitions. These activities provide an excellent outlet for their energy while stimulating their sharp minds.

Traveling with Brittany Dogs

Brittanys as Travel Companions

Brittanys are often good travel companions given their adaptable and friendly nature. Whether it’s hiking in the mountains, camping in the woods, or simply a trip to the local park, they are generally more than happy to be included. However, safety measures like secure harnesses and ample water supply are crucial while traveling with these dogs.

Common Misconceptions About Brittany Dogs

Debunking Brittany Dog Myths

As with any breed, there are several misconceptions about Brittany dogs. Some believe that they are hyperactive and difficult to manage, but with appropriate training and enough exercise, they are quite the contrary. Another misconception is that they are strictly hunting dogs, whereas in reality, they can make great family pets due to their affectionate and loyal nature.

Senior Brittany Dogs

Caring for an Aging Brittany

Senior Brittany dogs have different needs compared to their younger counterparts. They may require a diet catered to their age and possibly, their health condition. Exercise routines might also need to be adjusted to match their energy level and physical capabilities. Regular vet check-ups become even more essential to monitor any age-related health issues. Despite these changes, senior Brittanys can still lead a fulfilling life full of love and happiness.

Brittany Dogs and Children

Interaction between Brittany Dogs and Kids

Brittanys generally get along well with children. Their lively nature often makes them great playmates, while their affectionate personality can foster a special bond between them and the children. However, it’s important to teach children how to properly interact with dogs to ensure the safety and comfort of both the child and the dog.

Environmental Impact on Brittany Dogs

Brittanys and Their Surroundings

The environment can significantly impact the behavior and health of Brittany’s dogs. They thrive in active, stimulating environments where they can explore and run. Conversely, a lack of physical and mental stimulation can lead to boredom and destructive behavior. They also tend to be more comfortable in cooler climates due to their dense coat.

The Brittany’s Role in Society

Brittanys Beyond the Home

Beyond being great family pets and hunting companions, Brittanys have also found roles in various areas of society. Their intelligence and trainability make them excellent candidates for roles such as search and rescue dogs, therapy dogs, and even in some areas of police and military work.

Showing a Brittany Dog

Brittanys in the Show Ring

For those interested in dog shows, the Brittany is a breed that can certainly shine in the ring. They are often admired for their elegant gait, keen expression, and overall athletic appearance. If considering showing a Brittany, it’s important to understand the breed standard as set by major kennel clubs and to ensure the dog is comfortable and well-prepared for the experience.


The Brittany is a lovable, energetic breed, known for its intelligence, versatility, and excellent hunting abilities. They are great companions and fit well into an active family lifestyle. Owning a Brittany is a rewarding experience, but it comes with responsibilities. Whether you’re looking to hunt, compete, or simply enjoy a friendly and active companion, a Brittany might just be the perfect fit for you.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

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