Briard: The Ultimate Dog Guide


Welcome to our complete guide on the Briard. This charismatic, energetic breed hails from France and has a rich and storied history. They have won the hearts of many pet lovers due to their loving nature, intelligence, and unique physical features. This guide will offer an in-depth exploration of this intriguing breed.

Attribute Description
Breed Origin France
Tamaño Grande
Weight Range 55 to 100 pounds
Height Range 22 to 27 inches
Coat Color Black, tawny, gray
Coat Type Long, wavy, double coat
Temperamento Intelligent, loyal, protective, energetic
Esperanza de vida 10-12 years
Common Health Issues Hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, hypothyroidism
Grooming Needs High-daily brushing required
Exercise Needs High-needs daily exercise
Suitable for Families? Yes, particularly active families
Suitable for Seniors? Yes, if they can meet Briard’s exercise needs
Good with Children? Yes, if socialized early
Good with Other Pets? Yes, if socialized early

Physical Characteristics of the Briard

General Appearance

The Briard is a large breed, notable for its long, wavy coat and athletic build. They possess a majestic presence with a distinctive head covered by long hair which often shields their eyes.

Size and Weight

The Briard stands between 22 to 27 inches at the shoulder and weighs between 55 to 100 pounds, with males generally larger than females.


The Briard’s coat color ranges from black, tawny to gray. Each color has its unique charm and allure.

Unique features

Perhaps the most striking feature is their double dewclaws on each hind leg. This was historically for more traction when working in rough, hilly terrain.

Personalidad y temperamento

Typical Briard Behavior

The Briard is known for its intelligence, courage, and agility. They are often very loyal to their families and have a strong protective instinct.

Temperament towards family and other pets

The breed is generally good with children and other pets, especially if socialized early. They are protective yet gentle, making them excellent family companions.

Nivel de actividad

Briards are active and energetic dogs. They love long walks, games, and outdoor activities.

Health and Lifespan of Briard

Common health issues

Like any breed, Briards can be susceptible to certain health conditions. These include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, and hypothyroidism.

Vida media

Briards have an average lifespan of 10-12 years. With good care and regular veterinary check-ups, they can live a long and healthy life.

Preventive care and health tips

Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and annual vet checks are recommended to ensure your Briard’s optimal health.

Caring for a Briard

Grooming requirements

The Briard’s long coat requires regular brushing to avoid matting. Regular ear cleaning and teeth brushing are also essential.

Exercise requirements

As an active breed, the Briard requires daily exercise to keep them mentally and physically fit.

Dietary requirements

A balanced diet that caters to their size, age, and energy level is essential for Briard’s health.

Training a Briard

General training tips

Early socialization and obedience training are crucial for Briards. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques.


Briards should be exposed to different environments, people, and other animals from a young age to ensure they grow up to be well-rounded dogs.

Obedience training

Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them relatively easy to train. Consistency and patience are key.

Briard and Family

Briards with children

Briards are known to be excellent with children, protective yet gentle. They make great playmates and loyal companions.

Briards with other pets

If socialized early, Briards generally get along well with other pets.

Briards and seniors

Briards can be wonderful companions for seniors as well, as they are loyal and can provide a comforting presence. However, their exercise needs should be taken into account.

Briard Breeding

The breeding process

Breeding Briards should be done responsibly, considering the health and temperament of both parent dogs.

Breeder selection

Select a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs over profits.

Briards in Competitions

Types of competitions suitable for Briards

Briards excel in agility, obedience, and herding events, showcasing their agility and intelligence.

Preparing your Briard for a competition

Regular training and socialization can help prepare your Briard for competition.

Adopting a Briard

Considerations when adopting

Consider the Briard’s size, grooming needs, and activity levels before adopting. They require time, commitment, and love.

Rescue organizations and shelters

There are many rescue organizations and shelters where you can adopt a Briard who is waiting for a loving home.

Preparing your home for a Briard

Ensure your home has enough space for this large, active breed. Secure fencing is a must to keep your Briard safe.

Working Ability of the Briard

Historical Working Roles

Briards were originally bred to herd and guard livestock in their native France. Their intelligence, agility, and endurance made them ideal for this role. They were valued for their ability to work independently, making decisions on their own when necessary.

Modern Working Roles

In today’s world, while the Briards might not be herding sheep on the French plains, their working abilities are still recognized and utilized. They often serve as search and rescue dogs due to their keen sense of smell and strong tracking abilities. Their intelligence and willingness to work also make them excellent candidates for assistance and therapy work.

The Briard’s Coat

Double Coat Characteristics

The Briard sports a beautiful double coat, which not only contributes to its distinctive appearance but also serves functional roles. The outer layer is coarse, long, and waterproof, protecting the Briard from harsh weather conditions. The undercoat, on the other hand, is soft and dense, providing additional insulation.

Seasonal Shedding

Unlike many breeds, Briards do not shed heavily on a daily basis. However, they do go through a seasonal shed, often in the spring, when they lose their thick undercoat. During this time, additional grooming may be required to prevent matting and maintain skin health.

Living with a Briard

Space Requirements

Considering the Briard’s size and active nature, it’s important to ensure you have enough space for them to move around comfortably. A large backyard is ideal, but they can also adapt to apartment living provided they get enough exercise.

Interactions and Social Needs

Briards are social dogs and thrive on interactions with their human family. They are not a breed that does well with long periods of solitude. They are happiest when included in family activities and outings. This is something to keep in mind if you’re often away from home or have a busy schedule.


This guide is designed to equip you with all the necessary knowledge about the magnificent Briard breed. From their history, physical traits, and personality, to their care, every aspect has been covered. These loyal and intelligent dogs, with their distinctive looks and charming personalities, can truly make an exceptional addition to the right family. As with any breed, owning a Briard comes with its unique responsibilities and challenges. Their energetic nature, grooming needs, and health concerns all need to be considered. But the love and companionship they offer in return are truly priceless. Remember that whether you’re thinking of getting a puppy from a reputable breeder or adopting from a rescue organization, the goal is to provide a loving, safe, and nurturing home for the Briard.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

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