American Water Spaniel: The Ultimate Dog Guide


The American Water Spaniel, often known as AWS, is an affable and versatile breed. This mid-sized dog is known for its intelligence, energy, and strong swimming ability, making it a popular choice among active owners and waterfowl hunters. Originally from the United States, specifically the Midwest region, the AWS is believed to be a cross between several other breeds, including the Irish Water Spaniel and the Curly-coated Retriever. Its main purpose was to serve as a hunting companion, retrieving waterfowl from lakes and rivers.

Characteristic Detail
Raza American Water Spaniel
Origin United States (Midwest)
Tamaño Medio
Peso 25-45 pounds
Altura 15-18 pulgadas
Vida útil 10-15 years
Abrigo Dense, waterproof
Coat Colors Solid liver, brown, dark chocolate
Temperamento Energetic, eager-to-please, loyal
Exercise Needs Alto
Health Issues Hip dysplasia, eye problems, heart disease
Dietary Needs High-quality dog food suitable for medium-sized breeds
Aseo Regular brushing, low shedding
Good with Children and Other Pets
Best-Suited Living Conditions Homes with a yard and access to water

Characteristics of the American Water Spaniel

Physical Attributes

An adult AWS typically weighs between 25 and 45 pounds and stands about 15 to 18 inches tall. They have a dense, waterproof coat that comes in a variety of colors, including solid liver, brown, or dark chocolate. Their lifespan is generally between 10 and 15 years.


AWS is known for its eager-to-please personality and loyalty. They are energetic and require plenty of mental and physical stimulation. Despite their hunting instincts, they are also known for being good with children and other pets.

Understanding the American Water Spaniel Breed

Breed Standards

The American Water Spaniel is a recognized breed by major canine organizations, including the American Kennel Club. They have specific breed standards regarding their appearance, behavior, and overall health.

The Breed’s Purpose and Original Work

Originally, the AWS was bred for hunting and retrieving. Their compact size made them perfect for navigating both land and water, and their keen sense of smell and strong swimming abilities made them excellent at retrieving the game.

How the Breed Has Evolved

While still used for hunting in some areas, the American Water Spaniel has become a beloved companion in many homes. Their intelligence, trainability, and affectionate nature make them well-suited to various roles, from service dogs to family pets.

Health and Nutrition of the American Water Spaniel

Common Health Issues

Like many purebred dogs, AWS can be prone to certain health conditions. These can include hip dysplasia, eye problems, and heart disease. Regular check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can help mitigate these risks.

Dietary Needs

AWS puppies should be fed high-quality puppy food appropriate for medium-sized breeds. Adults require a balanced diet that can keep up with their energy levels, while seniors may need a diet catered to their slowing metabolism and specific health needs.

Care and Grooming of the American Water Spaniel

Coat Care and Grooming Needs

The AWS’s coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling, especially after swimming. They are considered a low-shedding breed, and their coat can be clipped short for easier maintenance.

Exercise Requirements

Being an active and energetic breed, the American Water Spaniel requires daily exercise. This can include walks, play sessions, and swimming.

Training Needs and Tips

AWS is intelligent and eager to please, which makes them relatively easy to train. However, they can be stubborn at times, so patience and consistency are key.

Living with an American Water Spaniel

Compatibility with Families, Kids, and Other Pets

The American Water Spaniel is a family-oriented breed, often getting along well with children and other pets. They are sociable and love being part of family activities.

Living Conditions Best Suited for This Breed

While they can adapt to various living conditions, AWS thrive in homes with access to a yard where they can play and exercise. They also enjoy being near water, such as a beach, lake, or river, due to their inherent love for swimming.

Unique Challenges and Rewards of Owning an American Water Spaniel

Like any breed, owning an AWS comes with its unique set of challenges, such as their need for regular exercise and mental stimulation. However, the rewards, including their loyalty, affection, and intelligence, often outweigh these challenges.

Adoption and Buying Considerations

Things to Consider Before Adoption/Buying

Potential owners should consider whether they can meet AWS’s needs for physical activity and mental stimulation. It’s also essential to consider the potential health issues and grooming needs of the breed.

Choosing a Reputable Breeder or Rescue

Whether choosing to buy from a breeder or adopt from a rescue, it’s crucial to ensure they are reputable. They should prioritize the health and well-being of their dogs, provide necessary medical records, and offer ongoing support to new owners.

Cost Considerations

The cost of owning an AWS goes beyond the initial adoption or purchase price. Owners should factor in costs for food, grooming, regular vet visits, and potential health care costs.

Activities and Sports Involving

Participation in Canine Sports

Given their intelligence, agility, and energy, American Water Spaniels can excel in various canine sports. These include obedience trials, agility courses, and dock diving competitions. Participation in such activities provides both mental and physical stimulation for the dog, strengthening the bond between the pet and the owner.

Therapy and Service Roles

American Water Spaniels can be trained to serve as therapy or service dog due to their intelligent and gentle nature. They have been known to provide emotional support and comfort to individuals in hospitals, nursing homes, and schools. They can also be trained to assist individuals with disabilities, performing tasks such as retrieving items, providing stability for mobility-impaired individuals, or alerting hearing-impaired people to sounds.

Search and Rescue Work

While not as commonly used in this role as some other breeds, the American Water Spaniel’s keen sense of smell, combined with their love for the water, can make them suitable for certain types of search and rescue work. This work can be immensely rewarding but requires extensive training and commitment from both the dog and the handler.

Hunting and Field Trials

Going back to their roots, American Water Spaniels can still be found working as hunting dogs and participating in field trials. Their size, stamina, and water-retrieving skills make them excellent companions for hunters, especially those hunting waterfowl.


This guide has provided a comprehensive overview of the American Water Spaniel, covering their characteristics, care needs, and what to consider before bringing one into your home. With their lovable personality and versatile nature, the American Water Spaniel can make a great addition to many homes. However, potential owners should ensure they are prepared to meet the needs of this active and intelligent breed.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

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