Japanese Spitz: The Ultimate Dog Guide


If you’re looking for a loyal, playful, and intelligent companion, the Japanese Spitz may just be the dog for you. These bright and cheerful dogs carry a heart full of love and affection for their owners, making them perfect family pets. Originally bred in Japan during the 1920s, the Japanese Spitz is believed to be descended from the larger German Spitz dogs. Their lineage reflects in their charming appearance, shared with their Spitz-type cousins.

Characteristic Details
Breed Origin Japan, the 1920s
Größe Small to medium
Gewicht 10 to 25 pounds
Höhe 12 to 15 inches at the shoulder
Mantel White, double-layered
Lebenserwartung 12 to 16 years
Common Health Issues Patellar luxation, allergies, eye issues
Temperament Loyal, playful, intelligent
Diät High-quality commercial dog food
Exercise Needs Moderate; enjoys walks, playtime, and mental stimulation games
Pflege Regular brushing is required; baths as needed
Good with Children and Other Pets Ja
Training Needs Consistent, positive reinforcement techniques
Suitable Living Conditions Apartments or houses prefer indoor family time

Physical Characteristics of the Japanese Spitz


The Japanese Spitz is a small to medium-sized dog known for its distinctive white, fluffy coat, fox-like face, and lively black eyes. They carry their plume-like tail curled over their back.

Size and Weight

These dogs typically weigh between 10 to 25 pounds, and their height varies between 12 to 15 inches at the shoulder. They may be small, but their sprightly personality fills any room.

Coat and Colors

The breed is well-known for its pure white, double-layered coat. The outer coat is long and straight, while the undercoat is short and soft, creating a fluffy and cuddly appearance.

Lifespan and Health

The Japanese Spitz generally lives between 12 to 16 years. Like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, but overall, they are known for their longevity and vitality.

Common Health Problems

Some of the common health problems seen in this breed include patellar luxation, allergies, and eye issues. However, with good care, many of these issues can be managed.

Care and Prevention

Regular vet check-ups, a balanced diet, and proper exercise can contribute significantly to the overall health of your Japanese Spitz.

Japanese Spitz Personality and Temperament

General Behavior

These dogs are known for their intelligence, energy, and cheerful disposition. They are highly loyal and can be somewhat protective, making them great watchdogs.

Interaction with Children and Other Pets

The Japanese Spitz is known for getting along well with children and other pets. They are very social animals and typically enjoy being around people and other dogs.

Common Behavioral Traits

These dogs are known for their confidence, curiosity, and a certain degree of stubbornness. However, with proper training and socialization, these traits can be positively channeled.

Training and Mental Stimulation Needs

As intelligent dogs, the Japanese Spitz needs both physical exercise and mental stimulation. Training should be consistent, positive, and varied to keep them engaged.

Caring for a Japanese Spitz

Diet and Nutrition

A balanced diet is vital for the health of your Japanese Spitz. They generally do well on high-quality commercial dog food, but dietary needs may vary based on age, size, and health status.

Exercise Requirements

Regular exercise is crucial for this breed. They love to play and have a moderate energy level. Daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation games will keep them happy and healthy.

Grooming and Hygiene

Despite their fluffy coats, the Japanese Spitz is surprisingly easy to groom. Regular brushing will keep their coat looking its best. Baths can be given as needed.

Health Check-ups and Vaccination

Regular vet visits and staying up-to-date on vaccinations are crucial for the well-being of your Japanese Spitz. Your vet can guide you on a proper health schedule.

Training Your Japanese Spitz

Basic Training Techniques

Start training early with your Japanese Spitz. Use positive reinforcement methods, like treats and praise, to make learning an enjoyable experience for your dog.

House Training

House training your Japanese Spitz should start as soon as possible. Patience, consistency, and a regular schedule can make this process smoother.


Early and ongoing socialization is key for a well-rounded dog. Expose your Japanese Spitz to a variety of people, places, and situations to enhance their social skills.

Dealing with Behavioral Problems

If behavioral issues arise, it’s important to address them promptly. Seeking help from a professional dog trainer or behaviorist might be necessary in some cases.

Living with a Japanese Spitz

Suitable Living Conditions

The Japanese Spitz is adaptable and can do well in apartments or houses, as long as they get regular exercise. They prefer being indoors with their family most of the time.

Activities They Enjoy

These dogs love to play, explore, and spend time with their family. Games of fetch, agility training, and even simple cuddle time can keep them happy.

Potential Challenges and Solutions

Like any breed, the Japanese Spitz comes with its own set of challenges, such as stubbornness and a propensity for barking. Consistent training and plenty of socialization can help address these issues.

Unique Aspects of Owning a Japanese Spitz

Owning a Japanese Spitz means having a loyal, energetic, and affectionate companion. Their playful spirit and loving nature are what truly sets them apart.

Where to Get a Japanese Spitz

Choosing a Reputable Breeder

If you decide to get a puppy from a breeder, ensure they are reputable and ethical. Good breeders prioritize the health and temperament of their dogs over anything else.

Adoption Options

Adopting a dog from a rescue or shelter is a great option. There may be Japanese Spitz dogs waiting for a second chance at a loving home.

Preparing Your Home for a Japanese Spitz

Before bringing your new friend home, make sure your house is puppy-proofed. Create a safe and welcoming environment for your new family member.

Legal and Ethical Considerations for Owning Japanese Spitz

Understanding Breed-specific Legislation

It’s essential to understand the regulations related to dog ownership in your area. Thankfully, Japanese Spitz dogs are typically not subject to breed-specific legislation.

Ethical Breeding Practices

When choosing a breeder, ensure they follow ethical breeding practices. They should perform necessary health screenings and provide proper care for their dogs.

Role in Improving the Breed

As a Japanese Spitz owner, you also have a role in preserving and improving the breed. This can be achieved by following your vet’s advice, proper training, and responsible breeding (if applicable).

The Cultural Influence of the Japanese Spitz

Famous Japanese Spitz Dogs

While there may not be any superstar Japanese Spitz dogs, many have won hearts in local dog shows and competitions. Their charm and personality are winning traits in any event.

The Breed’s Impact on Culture and Media

The Japanese Spitz, while not heavily featured in pop culture, has a significant influence due to its remarkable traits. It’s a beloved breed that represents vitality, loyalty, and beauty.


From their fluffy white coat to their spirited personality, the Japanese Spitz is undoubtedly a breed that captures hearts. While there may be challenges, the rewards of owning these lovely dogs are truly immeasurable. Ownership comes with responsibilities, and the right care, training, and love can bring out the best in your Japanese Spitz. With their loyalty and love, these dogs have the potential to make a beautiful addition to any family.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

Read More About Me >