Finnish Lapphund: The Ultimate Dog Guide


Did you know that the Finnish Lapphund has a rich and diverse history dating back to the time of the Sami people, the indigenous folk of Scandinavia? They initially used these dogs for herding reindeer, a task these pooches excelled at thanks to their agility, endurance, and their thick double coat keeping them warm in harsh conditions. At first glance, you might notice their spitz-type build, erect ears, and expressive eyes. They often come in a variety of colors, including black, brown, tan, and even cream.

Characteristic Detail
Rassetyp Spitz-type / Herding
Origin Finland
Größe Medium
Weight Range 33 – 53 pounds
Average Lifespan 12 – 15 years
Temperament Friendly, Intelligent, Agile
Mantel Dense double coat
Common Coat Colors Black, Sable, Cream
Exercise Requirements Hoch
Pflege Regular brushing needed
Common Health Issues Hip Dysplasia, Eye Disorders
Suitability Families, Active Seniors

Physical Characteristics of the Finnish Lapphund

Size and Weight Insights

The average Finnish Lapphund measures between 16 to 21 inches at the shoulder and weighs anywhere from 33 to 53 pounds, making them a medium-sized breed.

The All-Weather Coat of the Finnish Lapphund

One of the striking features of this breed is their thick double coat, designed to protect them from harsh winter weather. Colors can vary, but the most common are black, sable, and cream.

Longevity and Health of the Finnish Lapphund

Finnish Lapphunds are generally healthy dogs with a lifespan of around 12 to 15 years. However, they can be prone to certain genetic health issues, like Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), which is why it’s essential to ensure they are sourced from a reputable breeder.

Male Versus Female Finnish Lapphund

While both males and females make excellent pets, males tend to be slightly larger and more assertive, while females might be a tad more affectionate.

Temperament and Behavior of the Finnish Lapphund

The Cheerful Personality of the Finnish Lapphund

Known for their intelligence and friendliness, Finnish Lapphunds make delightful companions. They are people-oriented dogs and love spending time with their human families.

Finnish Lapphund’s Interaction with Humans

This breed is known for its gentleness and kindness towards humans. They can be very protective, making them excellent watchdogs for the home.

Getting Along with Other Pets

Typically, Finnish Lapphunds get along well with other dogs and pets in the household. Early socialization is crucial to help them adapt well to living with other animals.

Intelligence and Training Potential

Finnish Lapphunds are highly intelligent and respond well to training. They’re agile and quick to learn, making them excellent candidates for dog sports like agility and obedience trials.

Care and Maintenance for the Finnish Lapphund

Grooming Needs of the Finnish Lapphund

The Finnish Lapphund has a dense double coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting and shedding. Though they are not hypoallergenic, their shedding is seasonal, and good grooming practices can help control it.

Exercise Requirements for a Healthy Finnish Lapphund

This breed is naturally active and requires regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and mental well-being. Daily walks, play sessions, and access to a secure yard are ideal for this breed.

Diet and Nutrition

Finnish Lapphunds do well on high-quality dog food that is appropriate to their age, size, and activity level. A diet rich in proteins and healthy fats is beneficial to maintain their coat’s health and overall vitality.

Common Health Issues and Preventative Care

As a breed, Finnish Lapphunds are relatively healthy. However, like all breeds, they can be prone to certain conditions such as hip dysplasia and eye disorders. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help detect any potential health problems early.

Training and Socialization for Finnish Lapphund

Importance of Early Socialization

To ensure a well-adjusted and confident dog, early socialization is critical. Exposure to various environments, people, and other animals can help Finnish Lapphunds become more adaptable and friendly.

Training Techniques

Finnish Lapphunds are intelligent and eager to please, making them relatively easy to train. Consistent, positive reinforcement techniques work best with this breed.

Positive Reinforcement Role

Using positive reinforcement, such as treats and praise, will encourage your Finnish Lapphund to learn commands and good behavior more quickly.

Addressing Potential Behavioral Problems

If not properly exercised or stimulated mentally, Finnish Lapphunds can develop behavioral issues such as excessive barking or chewing. Regular exercise and mental stimulation can help prevent these problems.

Living with a Finnish Lapphund

What to Expect

Living with a Finnish Lapphund is a joyous and engaging experience. They are friendly, intelligent, and love being part of the family activities.

Finnish Lapphund Suitability

Finnish Lapphunds are adaptable and can fit well into various living situations. They’re great for families with children and can also be suitable for seniors who lead an active lifestyle.

Finnish Lapphund Adaptability

Whether you live in an apartment or have a large backyard, a Finnish Lapphund can adapt, provided they get enough physical and mental exercise. They are a versatile breed that can live happily in both urban and rural settings.

Choosing a Finnish Lapphund Puppy

Choosing a Reputable Breeder

When looking for a Finnish Lapphund puppy, it’s crucial to select a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and temperament of their dogs over other factors like appearance or size.

Evaluating the Health of a Finnish Lapphund Puppy

A healthy puppy is active, and has clear eyes, and a clear coat. The breeder should provide a health guarantee and show evidence of health screenings for the puppy’s parents.

Understanding Puppy’s Lineage

A good breeder will be knowledgeable about the puppy’s lineage, including any health issues present in the family line. This information can help predict potential health risks for your puppy in the future.

Bringing Your Puppy Home

Bringing a Finnish Lapphund puppy home is an exciting time. Make sure you have all the necessary supplies and have puppy-proofed your home to ensure a safe environment for the newest member of your family.

Finnish Lapphund in Competitions

Finnish Lapphund in Dog Shows

Due to their beauty and intelligence, Finnish Lapphunds often participate in dog shows and competitions, showcasing their agility and obedience skills.

Training for Competitions

Training a Finnish Lapphund for competitions can be a rewarding experience. It requires patience, consistency, and a positive approach.

Popular Events and Achievements

Finnish Lapphunds have excelled in various dog sports such as agility, herding events, obedience, and rally. Their achievements serve as a testament to their versatility and intelligence.

Finnish Lapphund Clubs and Associations

Major Finnish Lapphund Organizations

Several organizations are dedicated to the Finnish Lapphund breed, including the Finnish Lapphund Club of America and the Finnish Lapphund Society in the UK. These clubs promote responsible ownership and breed preservation.

Getting Involved in the Finnish Lapphund Community

Joining a club or society can be a great way to connect with other Finnish Lapphund enthusiasts, share experiences, and learn more about this incredible breed.

Benefits of Joining a Club

Joining a Finnish Lapphund club can provide access to various resources, including breed-specific training tips, grooming guides, and opportunities to participate in breed-specific events.


From their distinctive looks to their friendly and adaptable nature, the Finnish Lapphund is a breed like no other. Their ability to fit into various lifestyles and their undeniable charm make them a fantastic choice for those looking to add a four-legged member to their family. Whether you want a dog for competitions, a companion for your adventures, or simply a loving pet to share your home with, a Finnish Lapphund could be the right choice for you. As with any breed, it’s important to ensure you can provide for their needs, but if you can, the rewards of sharing your life with a Finnish Lapphund are immeasurable.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

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