The Dogue de Bordeaux is a breed shrouded in rich history and distinctive physical attributes. Known for their muscular build, expressive faces, and loyal nature, these dogs have captured the hearts of many around the world. As we delve into the details of this breed, we will explore its origin, characteristics, care, training, and health, painting a holistic picture of this loving canine companion.
|Breed Name||Dogue de Bordeaux|
|Other Names||French Mastiff, Bordeaux Mastiff|
|Weight Range||99 – 150 lbs|
|Height at Shoulder||Males: 23.5 – 27 inches, Females: 23 – 26 inches|
|Lebensspanne||5 – 8 years|
|Coat Type||Short and fine|
|Coat Colors||Shades of fawn with possible red mask|
|Temperament||Calm, protective, loyal, and affectionate with family|
|Common Health Issues||Hip dysplasia, heart conditions, certain types of cancer, skin conditions, bloating, and obesity|
Understanding the Dogue de Bordeaux
The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the French Mastiff, is known for its powerful physique and imposing appearance. Despite their robust exterior, these dogs have soft hearts, often displaying a calm demeanor and deep affection for their families.
Typical Behavior and Temperament
This breed is marked by its calm and composed nature. They are patient with their families and can be especially gentle with children. However, they also have a protective streak and are highly alert, making them excellent guard dogs.
Lifespan and Health Considerations
On average, a healthy Dogue de Bordeaux can live anywhere from 5 to 8 years. As with many larger breeds, this dog comes with some potential health concerns, which we will cover in detail later in this article.
Size and Weight
This breed is unmistakably large, with males standing between 23.5 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder and females standing between 23 to 26 inches. Their weight can range anywhere between 99 to 150 pounds, adding to their majestic stature.
Coat and Color Patterns
Dogue de Bordeaux has a short, fine coat that comes in shades of fawn. They are often recognized by their richly colored, dark red mask that highlights their expressive eyes and wrinkled face.
One of the most distinctive features of this breed is its massive head, which is said to be one of the largest in the canine world. Along with this, they have a serious expression, highlighted by deep-set eyes and pronounced wrinkles.
The Dogue de Bordeaux as Recognized by Major Kennel Clubs
Major kennel clubs, including the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC), recognize the Dogue de Bordeaux. They appreciate its muscular build, distinctive head, and loyal temperament.
Explanation of Breed Standards
These clubs maintain specific breed standards for the Dogue de Bordeaux. These standards include guidelines for physical traits such as size, head shape, eye color, coat color, and temperament.
Differences Between Male and Female Dogue de Bordeaux
While both males and females share the breed’s characteristic muscular build and large head, males are generally larger and have more pronounced musculature. Females, while still robust and powerful, have a slightly softer appearance.
Taking Care of a Dogue de Bordeaux
A well-balanced diet is essential for maintaining the health and vitality of a Dogue de Bordeaux. These dogs need high-quality dog food rich in protein, carbohydrates, and essential nutrients.
Although they aren’t as active as some breeds, regular exercise is still critical for the Dogue de Bordeaux. Daily walks, along with some playtime, are usually sufficient.
Health Care and Regular Check-ups
Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for the Dogue de Bordeaux. They are prone to certain health issues that can be managed or even prevented with early detection and
Grooming and Hygiene
Their short coats make them relatively easy to groom. Regular brushing can help keep their coats healthy, and occasional baths will keep them clean and fresh.
Training a Dogue de Bordeaux
Basic Obedience Training
Due to their protective instincts and strong will, obedience training is critical for the Dogue de Bordeaux. Early and consistent training can help them grow into well-behaved and manageable adults.
Socialization is another essential aspect of their upbringing. Introducing them to different people, environments, and situations can help them become well-rounded dogs.
Addressing Potential Behavioral Issues
Early detection and consistent training can address and correct potential behavioral issues. If not properly trained and socialized, they can become overprotective or aggressive.
Living with a Dogue de Bordeaux
Suitability for Families, Singles, and Seniors
Their calm demeanor and loyal nature make the Dogue de Bordeaux suitable for different types of households, including families with children, singles, and seniors.
Compatibility with Other Pets
With early socialization, they can get along well with other pets. However, their large size and protective instinct can sometimes lead to dominance issues, particularly with other dogs of the same sex.
Breeding and Puppies
The Breeding Process and Ethical Considerations
Breeding the Dogue de Bordeaux requires careful planning and ethical considerations. Ensuring the dogs’ health, conducting necessary health screenings, and preparing for puppy care are vital steps in the process.
What to Expect from Dogue de Bordeaux Puppies
These puppies grow rapidly and require a nutritious diet to support their development. Early training and socialization are key during this stage.
Common Health Issues
The Dogue de Bordeaux is predisposed to certain health conditions, including hip dysplasia, heart conditions, and certain types of cancer.
Common Diseases and Conditions
Other common health issues include skin conditions, bloating, and obesity. Regular veterinary check-ups can help detect these conditions early and provide necessary treatment.
Famous Dogue de Bordeauxs
Examples from Movies, TV, or Famous Owners
Perhaps the most famous Dogue de Bordeaux is Hooch from the movie “Turner & Hooch.” The breed’s popularity has also been boosted by various celebrity owners, such as Matthew McConaughey.
Rescue and Adoption
The Importance of Considering Adoption
If you’re thinking of bringing a Dogue de Bordeaux into your home, it’s worth considering adoption. There are many wonderful dogs of this breed in rescues and shelters that are in need of a loving home. Adopting an adult dog can be a rewarding experience as you offer a second chance to a dog in need.
Finding a Rescue or Shelter
Various breed-specific rescue organizations operate across the country and they are dedicated to taking care of homeless Dogue de Bordeaux dogs and finding them new families. General animal shelters also often have this breed. Do your research and reach out to these organizations if you’re considering adoption.
The Dogue de Bordeaux in Competitive Events
Participation in Dog Shows
The imposing appearance and distinctive features of the Dogue de Bordeaux make them a favorite in dog shows. They can compete in confirmation events, where their adherence to breed standards is evaluated.
Aptitude for Obedience and Agility Trials
While not as common, some Dogue de Bordeaux dogs also participate in obedience and agility trials. Their intelligence and trainability, coupled with the proper training, can make them capable competitors in these events. However, due to their large size and potential health issues, care should be taken not to overexert them.
As we conclude this guide, we hope that it has provided a comprehensive look at the Dogue de Bordeaux breed. From its distinctive appearance to its loyal and protective nature, this breed offers much to prospective owners. While they come with certain care and health considerations, the love and companionship they provide make the effort all worthwhile.