Bernese Mountain Dog: The Ultimate Dog Guide


Have you ever seen a dog that’s as majestic as it is lovable, with a heart as big as its body? That’s a Bernese Mountain Dog for you. These dogs, originally from the Swiss Alps, have long been popular for their versatility and their great companionship. The Bernese Mountain Dog is known for its impressive size, tricolor coat, and affable nature. They’re a true gentle giant, combining strength and agility with a friendly demeanor.

Category Information
Origin Switzerland
Größe Groß
Gewicht 70 to 115 pounds
Höhe 23 to 27.5 inches at the shoulder
Coat Color Tricolor (Black, White, Rust)
Lebensspanne 7 to 10 years
Temperament Friendly, Affectionate, Intelligent, Loyal
Exercise Needs Moderate
Diät High-quality dog food, balanced for large breeds
Common Health Issues Hip dysplasia, Elbow dysplasia, Certain cancers

Breed Origin and History

Origins of the Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dogs hail from Switzerland, where they were bred as working dogs on farms. Their strong bodies and keen instincts made them ideal for tasks like pulling carts, guarding livestock, and serving as loyal companions.

The Breed’s Role and Purpose in Switzerland

In their homeland, these dogs were indispensable to farmers, providing an array of valuable services. Their intelligence, strength, and hardworking nature made them an excellent choice for a variety of tasks.

How the breed was introduced to other parts of the world

In the early 20th century, the Bernese Mountain Dog breed started gaining recognition beyond Switzerland’s borders, eventually making their way to the United States and other countries, where they are cherished as both working dogs and family pets.

Physical Characteristics of Bernese Mountain Dog

Size and weight

Bernese Mountain Dogs are large, strong dogs, typically weighing between 70 to 115 pounds, with males being larger than females. They stand tall at 23 to 27.5 inches at the shoulder.

Color and coat type

The breed is renowned for its striking tricolor coat, which features black, white, and rust. Their long, silky coat, though beautiful, does require regular grooming.

General appearance and physique

With their sturdy bone structure, expressive eyes, and confident stance, Bernese Mountain Dogs radiate a serene dignity. Their appearance embodies a harmonious blend of strength, agility, and elegance.

Persönlichkeit und Temperament

Overall temperament

Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their kind, gentle, and outgoing personalities. They are usually good-natured and patient, making them excellent family dogs.

Behavior with families and children

In family settings, Bernese Mountain Dogs tend to be protective and gentle. Their patient and caring nature make them well-suited to households with children.

Behavior with other animals

As with most breeds, early socialization is key. However, Bernese Mountain Dogs typically get along well with other animals, thanks to their calm and adaptable nature.

Typical behaviors and quirks

Despite their size, Bernese Mountain Dogs often think they’re lap dogs! They enjoy being close to their human family and are known for their affectionate and sometimes goofy behavior.

Health and Lifespan of Bernese Mountain Dog

Typical health concerns and genetic disorders

While generally healthy, the breed can be prone to certain genetic disorders like hip and elbow dysplasia. It’s important to purchase from reputable breeders who prioritize health in their breeding practices.

Durchschnittliche Lebensdauer

The average lifespan of a Bernese Mountain Dog is around 7-10 years. Regular veterinary check-ups, proper nutrition, and ample exercise can contribute to a healthy life.

Importance of regular veterinary care

Regular check-ups are crucial for early detection of any potential health issues. The breed also requires routine vaccinations and preventive care, just like any other.

Training and Exercise for Bernese Mountain Dog

Exercise needs and recommendations

Despite their laid-back nature, Bernese Mountain Dogs need regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. A couple of daily walks and playtime can suffice.

Training tips and techniques

Training a Bernese Mountain Dog can be a joy, thanks to their intelligence and eagerness to please. Positive reinforcement techniques work best with this breed.

Socialization requirements

Early and consistent socialization helps ensure your Bernese Mountain Dog grows into a well-rounded and confident adult. Exposure to different people, pets, and environments is beneficial.

Nutrition for Bernese Mountain Dog

Dietary needs and feeding schedule

A balanced diet is essential for this large breed’s health. They generally do well on high-quality commercial dog food, ideally, one formulated for large breeds.

Special diet considerations

Some Bernese Mountain Dogs may require special diets due to health issues. Always consult with your vet for specific dietary recommendations.

Risks of obesity and how to manage

Bernese Mountain Dogs can be prone to obesity. Regular exercise and portion control are key to managing their weight.

Grooming and Maintenance for Bernese Mountain Dog

Coat care and grooming requirements

Their thick, long coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and keep it looking their best. Shedding can be heavy, especially during seasonal changes.

Bathing frequency and skin care

Bathing a Bernese Mountain Dog typically occurs every few months or as needed. Regular checks and care for their skin is important to avoid any issues.

Dental, ear, and eye care

Routine dental care, along with regular checks and cleaning of their ears and eyes, is crucial to keep your Bernese Mountain Dog healthy.

Bringing a Bernese Mountain Dog into Your Home

Considerations before adoption or purchase

Remember, this breed requires space, time, and commitment. Consider your lifestyle, home environment, and available time before welcoming a Bernese Mountain Dog into your home.

Recommended environment

Bernese Mountain Dogs do best in homes with ample space for them to move around. A home with a yard is ideal, though they can adapt as long as they get enough exercise.

Costs associated with owning a Bernese Mountain Dog

Consider the costs for quality food, regular vet care, grooming, and other needs. These factors can add up and should be considered before bringing home a Bernese Mountain Dog.

Traveling with a Bernese Mountain Dog

Considerations for traveling with your dog

When planning a trip with your Bernese Mountain Dog, it’s crucial to consider their comfort and safety. They are a large breed and will need ample space in a vehicle. Furthermore, their thick coat means they can overheat in hot climates, so always ensure they have access to shade and plenty of fresh water.

Tips for a smooth journey

For car travel, invest in a well-ventilated, sturdy crate or use dog seat belts to secure your pet. Regular breaks are also necessary for your dog to stretch their legs and relieve themselves. If you’re flying, check the airline’s specific regulations regarding large breeds.

Participating in Dog Sports

The suitability of the breed for various dog sports

Bernese Mountain Dogs can excel in various dog sports, such as obedience, agility, and especially draft tests (pulling loads), which hark back to their working dog roots. Participating in such activities can provide excellent mental and physical stimulation for your dog.

The benefits of participating in dog sports

Dog sports are not only fun for your Bernese Mountain Dog but can also strengthen your bond. Training for these activities enhances obedience, offers great exercise, and provides an outlet for their work-oriented instincts. It’s a win-win situation for both of you!

Community Involvement and Support

Local clubs and societies for Bernese Mountain Dog owners

Joining a local club or society for Bernese Mountain Dog owners can be a great way to connect with a supportive community. You can share experiences, get advice, and even participate in breed-specific events.

The benefits of community involvement

Being part of a community offers support in your journey of raising a Bernese Mountain Dog. It provides a platform to learn from other’s experiences, share your own, and make connections with fellow Bernese Mountain Dog lovers. You might even make some new friends for your furry companion!


Bringing home a Bernese Mountain Dog means welcoming a lovable, gentle giant into your family. They’re known for their loyalty, hardworking nature, and affectionate demeanor. Living with a Bernese Mountain Dog can be a joy and a privilege. As with any pet, owning a Bernese Mountain Dog requires commitment and love, but the rewards are immense.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

Read More About Me >