American Hairless Terrier: The Ultimate Dog Guide


The breed we are going to explore today is distinctive and quite exceptional in many ways. Known for its unique hairless appearance and vibrant personality, this dog breed is a wonderful addition to many households. This breed is not only adored for its unique physical traits but also for its friendly temperament and adaptability. It’s a beloved pet choice for many families, and its popularity continues to grow.

Characteristic Detail
Breed Name American Hairless Terrier
Origin United States
Größe Small to Medium
Weight Range 12 to 16 pounds
Height Range 12 to 16 inches at the shoulder
Mantel Hairless (also a coated variety)
Lebensspanne 14 to 16 years
Temperament Energetic, Alert, Curious, Friendly, Intelligent
Dietary Requirements A balanced diet suitable for a small to medium-sized, active breed
Exercise Needs Regular exercise to maintain health and happiness
Gesundheitliche Belange Generally healthy, can be prone to skin conditions and allergies
Suitability for Families Good with children and other pets if properly socialized

History and Origin of the American Hairless Terrier

Origins of the Breed

The breed was discovered serendipitously in the United States in the 1970s, originating from a single hairless puppy in a Rat Terrier litter. This puppy was the genesis of this new breed.

Evolution of the Breed

The breed has been selectively bred over the years to promote the hairless trait and improve upon health and temperament.

Role of the Breed in American History

While not as historically ingrained as some breeds, this dog has made a significant impact in the world of dog shows and as a cherished pet.

Physical Characteristics of American Hairless Terrier

Description of Physical Appearance

This breed has a distinctive hairless look, though there is a coated variety. With a muscular and athletic body, it’s a small to medium-sized dog with a strong presence.

Size and Weight Range

Typically, these dogs weigh between 12 to 16 pounds and stand about 12 to 16 inches tall at the shoulder.

Coat and Skin Characteristics

The hairless variety of this breed, of course, lacks a coat. Their skin is smooth and can come in a variety of colors and patterns.

Personality and Temperament of American Hairless Terrier

General Temperament

Known for being energetic, alert, and curious, these dogs are also notably friendly and intelligent.

Interaction with Humans

This breed loves human company. They are known to be very affectionate with their family members and are good with children.

Interaction with Other Animals

While they can get along well with other dogs and pets if properly socialized, their terrier instincts may lead them to chase smaller animals.

Care and Grooming of the American Hairless Terrier

Dietary Requirements

They require a balanced diet suitable for a small to medium-sized, active breed.

Exercise Needs

These dogs are lively and require regular exercise to keep them healthy and happy.

Grooming and Skin Care

Being hairless, they don’t need much grooming. However, their skin requires special care to protect it from the sun and cold.

Health Issues Specific to the Breed

The breed is generally healthy, but they can be prone to some skin conditions and allergies.

Training and Behavior of American Hairless Terrier

Trainability and Common Behavioral Traits

Being intelligent dogs, they are usually easy to train. However, they can sometimes be stubborn.

Recommended Training Techniques

Positive reinforcement techniques work best with this breed, as they are eager to please and respond well to treats and praise.

Dealing with Behavioral Issues

Early socialization and consistent, positive training methods are key to preventing and dealing with behavioral issues.

Living Conditions of the American Hairless Terrier

Suitability for Apartment Living

Their small size and adaptability make them well-suited to apartment living, as long as they get sufficient exercise.

Compatibility with Children and Other Pets

These dogs are known for being good with children. They can also get along with other pets if properly socialized.

Outdoor Space Requirements

While they enjoy playing outside, they don’t require a large yard. However, due to their lack of a coat, they should be protected from extreme weather conditions.

Health and Lifespan of American Hairless Terrier

Typical Lifespan

The average lifespan of this breed is around 14 to 16 years, which is relatively long compared to other breeds.

Common Health Issues and Genetic Disorders

This breed is generally healthy. However, due to their hairless nature, they can be prone to skin issues, including sunburn and cold intolerance.

Preventative Care and Regular Check-ups

Regular veterinary check-ups and preventative care, including skincare and a balanced diet, are essential to keep these dogs healthy.

Adoption and Purchase of  American Hairless Terrier

Considerations When Adopting or Purchasing

Potential owners should consider the unique skin care needs of these dogs, as well as their exercise requirements and friendly, energetic nature.

Expected Costs

The cost to adopt or purchase can vary widely. Prospective owners should also consider ongoing costs such as food, grooming, and veterinary care.

Finding Reputable Breeders or Rescue Organizations

Potential owners should research to find reputable breeders or rescue organizations that prioritize the health and temperament of their dogs.

Legal and Ethical Considerations

Legal Responsibilities of Owning the Breed

Owners must adhere to local laws regarding pet ownership, which may include licensing and leash laws, among others.

Ethical Considerations in Breeding and Ownership

Ethical ownership includes providing appropriate care for the dog’s physical and emotional needs, and ethical breeding practices prioritize the health and welfare of the dogs.

Special Considerations for the American Hairless Terrier

Seasonal Clothing

Given the breed’s lack of hair, owners often find it beneficial to provide their pets with seasonal clothing. In the summer, lightweight, UV-protective clothing can help prevent sunburns, while in the winter, warm clothing is essential to protect them from the cold.

Allergen-Friendly Pets

A notable benefit of this breed is its hypoallergenic nature. Many individuals who are allergic to dogs find they can live comfortably with an American Hairless Terrier. This is due to the fact that the dog doesn’t shed fur like most breeds, making it an excellent pet option for those with pet allergies.

Activities Suitable for the American Hairless Terrier

Agility and Obedience Training

With their high energy levels and intelligent nature, these dogs often excel in agility and obedience training. This can provide a great way for them to burn off energy while also keeping their minds stimulated. Participating in such activities can also help strengthen the bond between the dog and its owner.

Family Activities

As a breed that’s known to be good with children, the American Hairless Terrier can fit in well with various family activities. From playing fetch in the backyard to cozying up with family members during movie nights, these dogs are more than just pets – they’re part of the family.


In wrapping up, the American Leopard Hound is truly a unique breed with a rich heritage and distinctive attributes. Their loyalty, intelligence, and distinctive look make them an intriguing choice for dog lovers. However, their high activity level and specific care needs mean they’re not the right fit for every household. By taking the time to understand this breed, prospective owners can ensure they’re prepared to provide the right home for an American Leopard Hound, bringing joy and companionship for years to come.


Sergey Uhanov, a certified veterinarian, has authored all of the content here. With over 20 years of experience in dog care and breeding three dogs of his own, he has a deep passion for these furry friends. Sergey owns a pet clinic in Israel where he provides care and treatment to dogs. He enjoys sharing his expertise and knowledge to assist others in caring for their dogs.

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